Timber frame houses can be called differently – prefabricated houses, modular houses or panel houses, but all of them are constructed according to frame technology, and are resistant to various types of deformations and serve very long. The outer cladding of timber framed houses with sheet materials helps to achieve the overall design of the building and all the necessary parameters.
Timber framed houses – How to classify technology?
Timber frame design technology, depending on the size of the building, is classified in two ways.
Fence panel technology on site. The construction of this type of timber frame house is based on – a locally-made manual installation with treatment and thermal insulation. This means that when building a timber frame house under this technology, you must purchase and install each material separately. This technology is relatively cheap in terms of materials, but in terms of work it can cost more.
In contrast, the second type is the technology of timber frame panels (so-called folding house, modular house, panel house) with already included production materials. According to the design of the timber frame house, the panels of the required size are manufactured industrially, and the heat insulation is applied immediately. The finished construction elements are delivered to a place where the house is assembled using special equipment. This technology is much more popular as it significantly reduces the length of the wooden house’s mounting time. Ready-made panels provide quality and fully compliant standards. In many cases, the costs of this project, which are relatively higher, are justified: the quality of the material provides longer service life and save the cost of heating the house’s heating system. When choosing one or the other technology, home construction costs will be approximately similar. However, in the first case, it is necessary to pay separately for each work – interior work, insulation and finishing. Different factors must be taken into account when choosing an individual, comfortable and durable home. The ideal option is to have a low building cost and a timber frame house for a long time to serve. Therefore, when choosing materials and projects, it is worth paying special attention to construction the advantages and disadvantages of technology.
timber framed house – what are the benefits?
Frame technology is considered to be the most economical private house construction. The small weight of the building allows you to reduce the cost of the foundation, while the quick construction process allows the building to be put into operation in a couple of months. Timber frame designs deliver a great deal of energy savings and help significantly reduce the cost of heating a wooden house. In addition, in winter, the house quickly heats up, and the low thermal conductivity of the wood allows to reduce the wall thickness to 15 cm. Wooden houses have high thermal insulation, they are resistant to deformation. The walls of the building are even, and this allows the interior finish to be completed immediately after assembly. The surface of the cladding material can be used without further treatment, which greatly reduces the cost of interior and exterior finishing. The inside of the building frame is covered with gypsum boards, which also reduces the cost of internal repairs. Despite all the advantages and longevity of the building, the frame technology also has drawbacks. Therefore, before designing a building, it’s important to be convinced that a wooden framed private house really meets the wishes, needs and capabilities of the customer.
What are the drawbacks of a timber frame house?
Timber frame houses require highly qualified technicians to carefully observe technology, assembly rules and professional tools. Mostly the wooden frame is made up of small private houses with a maximum of three floors and a maximum of 20 meters in length. The wooden frame requires additional impregnation and treatment with antiseptics and fire protection. If the choice is in favor of the frame building, it is necessary to choose the material for the carcass making – wood or metal.
Timber frame house – metal frame
Although in Europe private houses are mostly made of wood, it is worth considering the possibility of building a metal frame for a private house. It has important advantages. The metal base uses thermoprofile with high fire resistance, does not endanger corrosion and fungi, this base significantly reduces the weight of the structure and serves more than 100 years. It should be noted that the installation of a non-conforming technology significantly reduces the life of a private house, while the poorly-formed sealing compound reduces the thermal conductivity of the building. Therefore, it is advisable to entrust the construction of any carcass of a private house to professionals, whether it be of wood frame or metal frame.
A timber framed private house – a technologically well-formed base will guarantee its longevity. As you know, the base-frame of the building is one of the most important structures, depending on the life of the house. The construction technology of timber frame and metal frame houses provides the use of three types of foundation construction – board, piles or slabs. Choosing the basics should focus on two key factors:
Weight of the structure.
The ideal solution for clay and wet soil is the base of the plate type. It helps to evenly distribute the load, unlike the base of the pile or tape type. To create this substrate, it is necessary to remove the upper layer of the soil, thus reducing the possibility of compression, after which a sand pillow and a plate are placed. For other types of soil, both the tape and the column base are suitable, which can split and withstand the load of the frame house and ensure the strength of the building. Before choosing the basics, it is very important to correctly calculate the weight of the structure and then, on the basis of this, choose the required base form.
Timber frame private house – what kind of roofing to choose?
The construction of a timber frame building uses the same types of roofing as bricks and wooden houses. Depending on the roof structure, the roof can be attic or constructed as a shelf or multi-layered cloak. Two-level and mansard roofs are especially popular in the construction of residential private houses. They can be relatively easy to install. The roofing of a timber frame house must be weather-proof and must be weatherproof and weather resistant. When choosing the roofing material for a timber frame house, one should take into account the architectural features of the project – the slope of the roof, the life of the material and the financing of the project.
Metal shingles. It is used for roofing with a gradient of 25-45 °. Validity is 35 years;
The asbestos cement layer for painting is valid up to 40 years, without further processing up to 30 years. It is used for roofing with a gradient of 25-45 °;
Steel cover is used for roofs with a slope of 18-30 °. The material life is up to 30 years.
Roof selection should be made taking into account the location of the attic space. If there are plans for residential lofts, additional insulation and careful selection of roofing will be required.
The construction of a timber frame house
The correct execution of the order ensures the accuracy of the job. This algorithm guarantees that the house will be assembled in compliance with all construction conditions and will last for a long time. The house must first choose a suitable construction site – with optimal soil and groundwater location, taking into account the location of all communication systems and the soil’s climatic characteristics. Then you can make markings and create the right foundation. When installing a timber frame house in the base, two crowns are placed from the treated wood on which the wooden frame is mounted. When building a metal frame, it is not necessary, because the frame of the frame and the exterior wall structure are constructed for the timber frame house. When installing the walls, windows and doors are also created. This step is followed by warming, if during construction, the finished board is not used, which is simply covered with a gypsum sheet during the inner cladding. When the frame of a wooden frame of private houses is assembled, internal partitions, floors and ceilings are created, as well as installations are made. Finally, a roof is installed and an interior and exterior finish are created.
Wooden frame buildings are not only the most popular and cheap, but also the most durable, functional and comfortable. The cost of building a timber frame house is significantly reduced due to the thermal insulation and the thermal conductivity of the timber. An important advantage is the rapid construction and commissioning of the building, as well as materials that are environmentally friendly, durable, provide comfort and coziness.
Fully finished timber frame house from the outside and inside is no different from other types of home, since virtually all wooden details are hidden under the decoration. Timber frame houses are in demand due to their high energy efficiency and low heating costs. Timber frame houses are built from renewable resources, their construction generates less pollution to the environment. Thanks to the dry construction law, a timber frame house, unlike a block and masonry house, can be built at any time of the year and in the weather – even in winter, without waiting for the material to dry. The timber frame house can be erected to the roof within a few weeks – depending on the project. It is desirable to construct the base of the house to the island, otherwise frost may have a negative effect on the quality of foundations. Timber frame houses can also finish any year, such as roofing, facade decoration, interior communications and interior decoration. Timber frame houses are one of the most economical compared, for example, with blocks and brick houses. The cost of construction of a timber frame house with full finish and all communications is 10 to 15% lower than the block built house and 30 to 40% lower than the brick-built house. It should be noted that wooden frame houses are also economical in operation. For example, for a brick house to achieve the same energy efficiency indicators as a timber frame house, its outer wall should be at least a meter thick.
Timber frame houses are environmentally friendly and environmentally friendly. A fully finished timber frame house is many times easier than a stone house, so there is no need for a great foundation. Timber frame houses are a natural, breathable home, their construction technologies are in line with the climatic conditions of Latvia and the requirements for the construction of individual buildings.
Timber framed houses are built from renewable resources and their construction produces less pollution in the environment. Timber framed houses have relatively lower construction costs, since house designs are manufactured industrially, which saves both money and time.
North House offers timber frame houses from the first design sketches to the complete transfer of home construction. Realized projects are viewed here in the Gallery. Want your own timber frame house project? Our team will allow you to be at your best wishes. Contact us, we will build a house together!