Technological solutions and the most suitable materials
What technologies and building materials are most suitable for the construction of wooden frame houses?
Wooden house – what building materials are best to build it from?
The concept of a wooden frame house should be perceived directly, because such a private house really consists of an internal frame, which is lined with exterior and interior decoration materials. Sheet materials such as DSP, OSB and veneer are used for external and internal cladding materials. The interior walls of a private house are filled with thermal insulation material – it can be glass wool, eco wool, mineral wool, polystyrene foam. The main load in a wooden frame house is borne by the frame. When it comes to frame house technology, then in addition to wooden frame houses, there are metal frame houses.
Wooden frame houses are often called different – prefabricated houses, modular houses or panel houses, but they are all designed according to the frame or frame technology, and are resistant to various deformations and last a very long time. The external cladding of a wooden frame house with sheet materials helps to achieve the overall design of the building and all the necessary parameters.
Wooden frame houses – how to classify technology?
Depending on the size of the building, wood frame construction technology is classified in two ways.
Frame panel technology on site. The construction of this type of wooden frame house is based on – on-site, hand-made installation with treatment and thermal insulation. This means that when building a wooden frame house according to this technology, each material must be purchased separately and installed. This technology is relatively cheaper in terms of materials, but it can cost more in terms of labor.
The other type, on the other hand, is wood frame panel technology (the so-called prefabricated house) with already included production materials. According to the construction of the frame house, the panels of the required size are manufactured industrially, and thermal insulation is immediately incorporated into them. The finished construction elements are delivered to the place where the house is assembled using special equipment. This technology is much more popular because it significantly reduces the assembly time of a wooden house. Finished panels ensure quality and fully meet standards. In many cases, the relatively higher costs of such a project are justified – the quality of the material ensures a longer service life and saves the cost of heating the frame house. By choosing one or the other technology, the cost of building a home will be approximately similar. However, in the first case, you have to pay separately for each piece of work – interior work, insulation and finishing. When choosing the construction of an individual, comfortable and durable house, various factors must be taken into account. The ideal option is to have a low building cost and a wooden frame house to last a long time. Therefore, when choosing a material and project, it is worth paying special attention to the advantages and disadvantages of construction technologies.
Wooden frame house – what are the advantages?
Frame technology is considered to be the most economical in the construction of private houses. The light weight of the building structure reduces the cost of foundations, while the fast construction process allows the building to be commissioned in a few months. Wooden frame constructions save a lot of energy and help to significantly reduce the heating costs of a wooden house. In addition, in winter conditions the house heats up quickly, and the low thermal conductivity of wood allows to reduce the wall thickness to 15 cm. Wooden houses have high thermal insulation, they are resistant to deformation. The walls of the building are flat, which allows you to finish the interior immediately after assembling the structures. The surface of the cladding materials can be used without additional treatment, which significantly reduces internal and external finishing costs. The inside of the building frame is covered with plasterboard, which also reduces the cost of internal repairs. Despite all the advantages and longevity of the building, the frame technology also has disadvantages. Therefore, before designing the building, it is important to be sure that the wooden frame private house really meets the wishes, needs and possibilities of the customer.
What are the disadvantages of a wooden frame house?
The construction of wooden frame houses requires highly qualified specialists who carefully follow the technology, installation rules and use professional work tools. Mostly, the construction of a wooden frame frame consists of small private houses with a maximum of three floors and a length of not more than 20 meters. The wooden frame requires additional impregnation and treatment with antiseptics and protection against fire risk. If the choice is in favor of a frame building, it is necessary to choose a material for the production of the frame – wood or metal.
For a wooden house – a metal frame
Although in Europe private houses are mostly built of wood, it is worth considering the possibility of creating a metal frame for a private house. This has significant advantages. The metal base uses a thermoprofile with high fire resistance, it is not endangered by corrosion and fungi, such a base significantly reduces the weight of the structure and lasts for more than 100 years. It should be taken into account that the installation of a building not in accordance with the technology significantly reduces the life of a private house, while a poorly designed joint seal reduces the thermal conductivity of the building. Therefore, it is recommended to entrust the construction of any frame private house to professionals, regardless of whether it is made of wooden frame or metal frame.
Wooden frame private house – a technologically correct base will guarantee its longevity. As it is known, the base-frame of the building is one of the most important constructions, on which the life of the house depends. The construction technology of wooden frame and metal frame houses envisages the use of three types of foundation construction – strip, pile or slab. There are two main factors to consider when choosing a foundation:
Soil structure. A slab-like base is the ideal solution for clayey and moist soils. It helps to distribute the load evenly, unlike the pile or tape type base. To create such a base, it is necessary to remove the top layer of soil, thus reducing the possibility of compression, then a sand pad is formed and a slab is placed. Other types of soil are suitable for both tape and column supports, which can distribute and withstand the load of the frame house and ensure the strength of the building. Before choosing a foundation, it is very important to calculate the weight of the structure correctly and then choose the required type of substrate based on it.
Wooden private house – which roofing to choose?
The same types of roofing are used for the construction of a wooden frame building as for brick and wooden houses. Depending on the construction of the roof, the roof can be an attic or built as a shelf or a multi-layered cloak. Two-level and attic roofs are especially popular in the construction of private residential houses. They are relatively easy to install. The roof of a wooden house must be suitable for the climate and resistant to wind and precipitation. When choosing a roofing material for a wooden frame house, the architectural features of the project must be taken into account – the slope of the roof, the service life of the material and the financing of the project.
Metal shingles. It is used for roofing with a slope of 25-45 °. The shelf life is 35 years;
The asbestos cement layer for painting is valid for up to 40 years, without additional treatment for up to 30 years. It is used for roofing with a slope of 25-45 °;
Steel cladding is used for roofs with a slope of 18-30 °. The lifespan of the material is up to 30 years.
The choice of roof should be made taking into account the location of the attic. If a residential attic is planned, additional insulation and careful selection of roofing will be required.
Wooden house construction process
Correct execution of the order ensures the accuracy of the work. This algorithm guarantees that the house will be assembled in accordance with all construction conditions and will be durable. The house must first choose a suitable construction site – with optimal soil and groundwater location, taking into account the location of all communication systems and the climatic properties of the soil. Labeling can then be carried out and suitable foundations laid. When installing a wooden frame on the base, two crowns are placed from the treated wood on which the wooden frame is mounted. When creating a metal frame, it is not necessary, because the construction of the frame and the outer wall of the wooden frame house is created. When installing walls, windows and doors are also created. This step is followed by insulation, if ready-made boards are not used during construction, which are simply covered with gypsum sheet during the internal cladding. When the frame of a wooden frame private house is assembled, internal partitions, floors and ceilings are created, as well as installations are created. Finally, the roof is installed and the interior and exterior trim is created.
Wooden frame buildings are not only the most popular and cheapest, but also the most durable, functional and comfortable. The construction costs of a wooden house are significantly reduced due to thermal insulation and thermal conductivity of timber. A significant advantage is the quick construction and commissioning of the building, as well as materials that are environmentally friendly, long-lasting, create comfort and coziness.
Fully finished wooden frame house from the outside and inside is no different from other types of houses, because practically all wooden details are hidden under the finish. Wooden frame houses are in demand due to their high energy efficiency and low heating costs. Wooden frame houses are built from renewable resources, their construction causes less pollution to the environment. Thanks to the law of dry construction, a wooden frame house, unlike a block and masonry house, can be built in any season and weather conditions – even in winter, without waiting for the material to dry. It is possible to build a wooden frame house to the roof in a few weeks – depending on the project. It is desirable to build the foundations of the house to the island, otherwise the frost may negatively affect the quality of the foundations. The wooden frame house can also be finished at any time of the year, such as roofing, facade finishing, internal communications and interior finishing. Wooden frame houses are one of the most economical compared to, for example, block and brick houses. The cost of building a wooden frame house with full finishing and all communications is 10 to 15% lower than for a house built of blocks, and 30 to 40% lower than for a house built of bricks. It should be noted that wooden frame houses are also economical in operation. For example, in order for a brick house to achieve the same energy efficiency indicators as a wooden frame house, their outer wall must be at least a meter thick.
Wooden frame houses are ecological and environmentally friendly. A fully finished wooden frame house weighs many times lighter than a stone house, so no large foundations are required. Wooden frame houses are a natural, breathable place to live, their construction technologies meet the climatic conditions of Latvia and the requirements for the construction of individual buildings.
Wooden frame houses are built from renewable resources and their construction causes less pollution in the environment. Wooden frame houses have relatively lower construction costs, because the house constructions are industrially produced, which saves both money and time.
Northouse offers the construction of wooden frame houses from the first design sketches to the complete handover of the house. Do you want an individual wooden frame house project? Contact us, let’s build a house together!